and Recovery Act. The Resource Conservation and Recovery
Act (RCRA), an amendment to the Solid Waste Disposal Act
of 1965, was enacted in 1976 to address a problem of enormous
magnitude how to safely manage and dispose of the huge volumes
of municipal and industrial waste generated nationwide. RCRA's
primary goals are:
- protect human
health and the environment from the potential hazards of waste
- conserve energy
and natural resources,
- reduce the
amount of waste generated, and
that wastes are managed in an environmentally sound manner.
To achieve these
goals, under RCRA, EPA established three distinct yet interrelated
- The hazardous waste program, under RCRA
Subtitle C, establishes a system for controlling hazardous
waste from the time it is generated until its ultimate disposal in
effect, from cradle to grave.
- The solid
waste program, under RCRA Subtitle D, encourages
states to develop comprehensive plans to manage nonhazardous
industrial solid waste and municipal solid waste, sets
criteria for municipal solid waste landfills (MSWLFs) and other
solid waste disposal facilities, and prohibits the open dumping
of solid waste.
- The underground storage tank (UST) program, under RCRA
Subtitle I, regulates underground tanks storing hazardous
substances and petroleum products
Subtitles C and D are of particular interest to WasteWatcher. Subtitle D
deals directly with municipal solid waste, which is the core issue. Subtitle
C, covers hazardous waste. Although hazardous waste is generally
not a WasteWatcher issue, there is the concern that municipal waste
imported from Canada may contain hazardous wastes that have been
improperly managed and combined with municipal wastes. Therefore,
an important issue relative to Subtitle C is the identification
of hazardous waste.
is a Federal statute, many States implement the RCRA program. Currently,
EPA has delegated its authority to implement various provisions
of RCRA to 47 of the 50 States (delegation has not been given to
Alaska, Hawaii, or Iowa).
Go to RCRA.
Carrier Safety Statutes. Starting in 1935, Congress began
enacting a series of statutes and amendments that have established,
revised and refined motor carrier rules, and have set forth how
those rules are implemented and enforced.
In 2000, the
Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) was established
as a separate administration within the U.S. Department
of Transportation, pursuant to the Motor
Carrier Safety Improvement Act of 1999.
In carrying out
its safety mandate to reduce crashes, injuries, and fatalities
involving large trucks and buses, FMCSA:
- Develops and
enforces regulations that balance motor carrier (truck and bus
companies) safety with industry efficiency;
safety information systems to focus on higher risk carriers in
enforcing the safety regulations;
- Targets educational
messages to carriers, commercial drivers, and the public; and
- Partners with
stakeholders including Federal, State, and local enforcement
agencies, the motor carrier industry, safety groups, and organized
labor on efforts to reduce bus and truck-related crashes.
Go to Federal
Motor Carrier Safety Administration rules.
Concerning the Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Waste. With
respect to imported waste from Canada, a 1986 treaty, the Agreement Concerning
the Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Waste ("Agreement"), was
signed by the U.S. and Canada that could affect imported municipal
waste. This agreement requires that EPA (the designated U.S.
authority) receive notification from Environment Canada (the
designated Canadian authority) of intended hazardous waste shipments
and EPA would have 30 days to respond or object to the waste
shipments. In 1992, the Agreement
was amended to include municipal solid waste. The notice
may cover an individual shipment or a series of shipments extending
over a twelve month or lesser period.